Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA), an inherited metabolic disease, results from genetic defects in methylmalonyl-CoA mutase or any of the proteins involved in adenosylcobalamin synthesis. This enzyme is classified into several complementation groups and genotypic classes. In this work we explain the biochemical, structural and genetic analysis of 25 MMA patients, from Iran. The diagnosis was established by the measurement of propionylcarnitine in blood using tandem mass spectrometry and confirmed using a gas chromatography–flame ionization detector. Using clinical, biochemical, structural and molecular analyses we identified 15 mut MMA, three cblA, one cblB, and four cblC-deficient patients. Among mutations identified in the MUT gene (MUT) only one, the c.1874A>C (p.D625A) variant, is likely a mut⁻ mutation. The remaining mutations are probably mut⁰. Here, we present the first molecular analysis of MMA in Iranian patients and have identified eight novel mutations. Four novel mutations (p.D625A, p.R326G, p.V157F, p.F379L) were seen exclusively in patients from northern Iran. One novel splice site mutation (c.2125-3C>G) in MUT and two novel mutation (p.N225M and p.A99P) in the MMAA gene were associated with patients from eastern Iran. The rs184829210 SNP was recognized only in patients with the novel c.958G>A (p.A320T) mutation. This study confirms pathogenesis of deficient enzyme activity in MUT, MMAA, MMAB, and MMACHC as previous observations. These results could act as a basis for the performance of pharmacological therapies for increasing the activity of proteins derived from these mutations.